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Today in History Today is Monday, August 9, the 221st day of 2021. There are 144 days left in…

Today in history

Today is Monday, August 9, the 221st day of 2021. There are 144 days left in the year.

The highlight of today’s history:

On August 9, 1945, three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, an American B-29 Superfortress codenamed Bockscar dropped a nuclear device (“Fat Man”) over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74 000 people.

To this date :

In 1910, the United States Patent Office granted Alva J. Fisher of Hurley Machine Co. a patent for an electric washing machine.

In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order nationalizing money.

In 1936, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics as the United States took first place in the 400-meter relay.

In 1942, British authorities in India arrested nationalist Mohandas K. Gandhi; he was released in 1944.

In 1944, 258 African-American sailors based in Port Chicago, California refused to load a ship with ammunition after a cargo ship exploded that killed 320 men, many of them blacks. (Fifty of the sailors were convicted of mutiny, fined and jailed.)

In 1969, actor Sharon Tate and four others were found brutally murdered at Tate’s home in Los Angeles; Cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his supporters were later convicted of the crime.

In 1974, Vice President Gerald R. Ford became the country’s 38th chief executive when the resignation of President Richard Nixon took effect.

In 1982, a federal judge in Washington ordered John W. Hinckley Jr., who had been acquitted of shooting President Ronald Reagan and three others for insanity, to be incarcerated in a mental hospital. .

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan appointed Lauro Cavazos (kah-VAH’-zohs) as Secretary of Education; Cavazos became the first Hispanic to join the Cabinet.

In 1992, closing ceremonies were held for the Barcelona Summer Olympics, with the unified team of the former Soviet republics winning 112 medals, the United States 108.

In 2004, Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols, speaking to court for the first time, asked for forgiveness from the victims of the blast as a judge sentenced him to 161 consecutive life sentences.

In 2014, Michael Brown Jr., an 18-year-old black man, was shot dead by a police officer following an altercation in Ferguson, Missouri; Brown’s death led to sometimes violent protests in Ferguson and other American cities, spawning a national “Black Lives Matter” movement.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama announced new fuel efficiency standards for work trucks, buses and other heavy vehicles. Polygamous leader Warren Jeffs was sentenced in San Angelo, Texas to life in prison for sexually assaulting one of his underage wives, and received the maximum sentence of 20 years for a separate conviction for child sex .

Five years ago: Speaker of the House Paul Ryan defeated Paul Nehlen, a longtime Republican challenger hailed by Donald Trump, in a Wisconsin congressional primary. At the Rio Games, Michael Phelps won the 20th and 21st Olympic gold medals of his career winning the 200-meter butterfly and anchoring the United States to victory in the 4 × 200 freestyle relay. Katie Ledecky won her second gold medal in Rio by winning the 200-meter freestyle. The US women’s gymnastics team won gold for the second consecutive time at the Olympics.

One year ago: The number of confirmed coronavirus cases in the United States reached 5 million, the highest of any country. Collin Morikawa finished 6 under par 64 to win the PGA Championship in San Francisco, the first major golf tournament held without spectators.

Today’s Birthdays: Basketball Hall of Fame member Bob Cousy is 93 years old. Actress Cynthia Harris is 87 years old. Tennis Hall of Fame member Rod Laver is 83 years old. Jazz musician Jack DeJohnette is 79 years old. Actor-director David Steinberg is 79 years old. Actor Sam Elliott is 77 years old. Singer Barbara Mason is 74 years old. College Football Hall of Fame and former NFL player John Cappelletti are 69 years old. College Football Hall of Fame and former NFL player Doug Williams are 66 years old. Actress Melanie Griffith is 64 years old. Actress Amanda Bearse is 63 years old. Rapper Kurtis Blow is 62 years old. Senator Roger Marshall, R-Kan., Is 61 years old. Hockey Hall of Fame member Brett Hull is 57 years old. TV host Hoda Kotb (HOH’-duh KAHT’-bee) is 57 years old. Deion Sanders, a member of the Professional and College Football Hall of Fame, is 54 years old. Actor Gillian Anderson is 53 years old. Actor Eric Bana is 53 years old. Producer-director McG (aka Joseph McGinty Nichol) is 53 years old. NHL player turned coach Rod Brind’Amour is 51 years old. TV presenter Chris Cuomo is 51 years old. Actor Thomas Lennon is 51 years old. 51. Rapper Mack 10 is 50 years old. Actor Nikki Schieler Ziering is 50 years old. Latino rock singer Juanes is 49 years old. Actress Liz Vassey is 49 years old. Actor Kevin McKidd is 48 years old. Actor Rhona Mitra (ROH’-nuh MEE’-truh) is 46 years old. The Texas Battle actor is 45 years old. Actor Jessica Capshaw is 45 years old. Actor Ashley Johnson is 38. Actor Anna Kendrick is 36 years old.

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