Recognizing Taiwan’s True Status – Taipei Times
The Christmas holiday season is approaching, but another season is already here. This is the season when the nations of the world are âwaking upâ on a macro and micro level.
The macro aspect of “awakening” manifests itself in the growing awareness of how all humans, regardless of race, creed or politics, are interconnected and threatened on a global scale. This reality continues to call for the necessary paradigm shift from a global village to a global home where planet Earth is recognized as a home and where all form a family. Indeed, what happens in one room of the house can and does affect the whole house. No nation, region or people will escape it.
For example, COVID-19 may have started in Wuhan, China, but as it spread rapidly it has unleashed the planet, infecting more than 254 million people and killing more than 5 millions. Ignoring national borders, the virus mutated and wreaked havoc throughout the house.
Another example is the COP26 global warming conference held this month in Glasgow, Scotland. With more than 100 world leaders present, this 26th UN conference again attempted to face the challenges of global warming and climate change. Nations are realizing that we humans have only one home – Earth – and that global warming is not confined to a specific country or continent. All nations are suffering. What happens in the Amazon rainforests or the polar ice caps can have an impact on the sustainable environment for everyone.
However, the commitment of each nation to solve this problem still remains at the theoretical level; the tipping point has yet to be reached where nations are engaged enough to abandon their zero-sum games of self-protection and private benefit. Cooperation to make the planet a better home remains limited and COP26 receives mixed reviews.
This is the macro level. At the micro level, the âawakeningâ of nations also continues, but concerns different issues. These more often depend on the region in which a nation is located. In Asia, Taiwan has finally gained the attention it deserves. Its neighbors and others are finally becoming “awakened” to China’s hegemonic desire to seize this gem of a country and why.
Taiwan is a medium-sized nation. In population, it is larger than about 75 percent of UN countries. In GDP by purchasing power parity, it ranks 19th out of 226 nations and territories. It controls the crucial production of microchips and, by location, is of overwhelming strategic importance. It is a gem.
Where then do we find the awakening to know why this gem is not at the UN? One is in history. The western half of Taiwan was once controlled by the Manchus, and the Manchurian Empire is too often misidentified and misrepresented as China. Few people recognize that when the Manchus started building their empire, they conquered China, Tibet, Mongolia, Xinjiang, etc. Later, when the Manchus returned Taiwan to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Japan became the first nation to colonize and control the entire territory. Taiwan.
China has no legitimate claim on Taiwan. Ironically, however, one still hears these bogus memes about how Taiwan has been part of China from âtime immemorialâ or how Taiwan is an âinalienable partâ of China. The reality is that the only nation that can claim to control all of Taiwan is Japan. He ruled Taiwan from 1895 to 1945 and renounced his colony in the San Francisco Peace Treaty of 1952.
It evokes the second stage of Taiwan’s âawakeningâ. Nations finally recognize that in the peace treaty of San Francisco, Japan never named a recipient for its colony. The United States, as the clear winner of the Pacific War, admits that it is still “undecided” on the fate of Taiwan. Perhaps it is time for all to face the fact that this former colony should have the right to self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations. The United States has at least said that Taiwan is definitely not part of China, but more needs to be done.
The next stage of awakening is that UN member states also finally recognize the wording of UN resolution 2758, that the âfollowers of Chiang Kai-shek (è£ä»ç³)â were those who were expelled. of the UN in 1970 and not the Taiwanese. Chiang’s supporters had lost in the Chinese Civil War in 1949, but they stayed by default at the UN. In 1970, it was time for them to leave; they were a government living in exile and in Taiwan.
Looking back, it certainly seems odd that it took over half a century for the nations of the world to realize this reality, but that’s often how the world goes. The times given contained too many other pressing issues.
With the end of World War II in 1945 and the formation of the UN, a new cold war developed between East and West. In China, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) would defeat the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) in 1949. This was followed by the invasion of South Korea by North Korea in 1950.
All of this stoked fears of a communist takeover in Asia and, sadly, prevented many nations from realizing Taiwan’s real plight. The Taiwanese have suffered under the one-party state rule, the white terror and martial law that Chiang and his KMT supporters have imposed there. Chiang did this under the guise of supporting democracy.
Surprisingly, however, over the years Taiwanese would still succeed in forging a vibrant democracy and democracy. At the same time, the CCP was establishing its own dynasty in China, and while China suffered from the disasters of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, it finally became economically strong after the death of Mao Zedong (æ¯æ¾¤æ±) .
It brings things to the present. Not content with China’s current strength, the CCP seeks more and fuels its hegemony with the dream of seizing Taiwan.
The last part of this “awakening” is the reality that Taiwan poses no threat to the world, unlike China. Taiwan is a peace loving democracy and a major contributor to peaceful development. Its successful handling of the COVID-19 pandemic is admirable in comparison to all other countries, especially China. In this area, as well as in international development and trade promotion, Taiwan can make a great contribution to the UN, but hegemonic China prevents its membership.
The Montevideo Convention, which sets out the four fundamental requirements of a state, brings the final touch of awakening to Taiwanese reality. A nation must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and the capacity to conduct international relations. Taiwan has all of this and more.
As defined by the Montevideo Convention, a nation does not even need to be recognized by others to be such, although Taiwan has 15 nations that recognize it and many more that have “unofficial” embassies. . The United States, with its own American institute in Taiwan, has ironically been “undecided” for more than 75 years.
This is the current season of awakening. The nations of the world are slowly awakening to climate change. Theoretically, they can accept full commitment to the paradigm shift of a global home. However, it is also time for these nations to recognize the reality of the contribution of Taiwan’s mid-sized national democracy. It is time for Taiwan to be accepted into the UN.
Jerome Keating is a Taipei-based writer.
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