Five Asian countries now top global solar rankings
The new analysis was carried out by electricity think tank Ember, which looked at how total solar power capacity has changed over the past 10 years in countries around the world. Ember is an independent climate and energy think tank that produces cutting-edge research and high-impact policy aimed at accelerating the global transition from coal to clean electricity.
The analysis highlights just how much solar capacity has changed over the past 11 years, with countries like China, India, Viet Nam and South Korea able to slip into the global top 10. In 2010, India ranked 22nd in the world while Viet Nam ranked 196th.
China’s 307 gigawatts of solar energy already represent the largest total installed capacity in the world. China is expected to double its record rate of new solar developments in 2022, according to state media, with the aim of installing 108 gigawatts of solar power this year.
“Asia’s solar growth has been under the radar. The region is doing quite well, with 5 countries now joining the global top 10,” says Ahmed EdiantoAsian Power Analyst at Ember.
According to IRENA, global solar capacity stood at 849 GW in 2021, 19% more than the previous year. As a result, the world produced 3.7% of its electricity from solar power in 2021, with the Asian average being just under 3%.
In the region, China and India have seen incredible growth in their respective solar industries, leading to significant changes in the amount of electricity produced by solar power each year. China’s solar share increased from 0.02% in 2010 to 3.89% in 2021, while India increased its solar share from 0.01% to over 4% in 2021.
Whereas Japan remained 4th in the world, its solar capacity increased from 3.62 GW in 2010 to 74.19 GW in 2021. As a result, solar generated almost 10% of Japan’s electricity production in 2021. In In 2010, solar represented only 0.3% of its energy mix.
According to the IPCC and IEA, to keep climate change below 1.5 degrees of warming, Asian countries should aim to power at least 40% of their electricity grids with wind and solar power by 2030 This will require both tailored national policy innovation and investment. , but also large-scale collective economic and technological cooperation.
“If Asia’s rapidly developing economies are able to grow their solar industries and collectively address the challenges of the energy transition, they will be at the forefront of securing the jobs, industries and opportunities of a renewable future.” , said Achmed Edianto.