Explained Live: India’s Abortion Law; why people renounce Indian citizenship; and more

Dear Reader of the Express Explained,

Despite rapid interest rate hikes by the US central bank, the inflation rate in June stood at 9.1%. This is the highest for 40 years in the United States. Many observers have pointed to an inverted US yield curve to argue that the US central bank will not be able to achieve a soft landing for the economy. And yet, the US dollar continues to appreciate against all other currencies. Today, in what is considered a reverse currency war, most of the world’s central banks are trying to raise their interest rates to counter the actions of the Fed and ensure that their respective currency recovers its value. against the dollar. We write the impact of the global economy.

The resumption of the southwest monsoon this month has allowed the total area sown to kharif crops to not only recover, but even exceed last year’s coverage for the same period from June to mid-July. . However, the paddy (rice) acreage, at 128.50 lakh hectares (lh) as of July 15, was down 17.4% from 155.53 lh last year. Should this be cause for concern? We explain.

As the infamous presidential race draws to a close, all eyes are on who will fill the post of Vice President, which will become vacant at the end of Venkaiah Naidu’s term on August 10. President are scheduled for August 6, with the deadline for submitting nominations being July 19.

The National Medicines Regulator has licensed the Serum Institute of India’s Cervavac, the country’s first quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine. This is an important development – offering what could be a real opportunity to eliminate cervical cancer (which is preventable but estimated to kill a woman every 8 minutes) in the country, if it were to be incorporated into national HPV vaccination strategies and made available at a lower cost than currently available vaccines. Anuradha Mascarenhas has written about HPV and cervical cancer, existing vaccines and the opportunities Cervavac presents. Separately, Anonna Dutt spoke with Dr. Kishore Singh, director of the Delhi State Cancer Institute, which runs India’s only public HPV vaccination program for school children, for an exclusive expert opinion on the development. Read.

Having lost the majority of its representatives in the Assembly and Parliament of Maharashtra to the faction led by Chief Minister Eknath Shinde, the Shiv Sena led by Uddhav Thackeray has asked the Indian Election Commission to hear its point of view. view before deciding on the ownership of the party arch. -and-arrow election symbol. What happens when rival factions of a party claim the same election symbol? What does the ECI consider before making its decision — and how has it decided in such cases before? Check out Ritika Chopra’s highly informative and topical explainer.

There was a political controversy this week after the Lok Sabha secretariat published a compilation of around 50 pages of words deemed unfit for use in parliament. There was disbelief because the list contains innocuous words such as abused, shameful, betrayal, deceived, corruption, coward, and criminal. Although Lok Sabha President Om Birla clarified that no words were automatically banned and that the President would decide which words to remove from the record, there is an interesting history of restrictions on ‘unparliamentary’ language. in India. Liz Mathew has written about the exemption rules, the process of preparing the list of prohibited words and phrases, and why context, like everywhere else, is also critical in Parliament.

The Supreme Court has argued strongly for bail law reform and called on the government to pass special bail legislation like the UK. This is an important observation, as courts across the country have apparently ruled bail differently in cases that appeared broadly similar. Apurva Vishwanath wrote about the existing bail law and what the Supreme Court said earlier about it.

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