Crime in japan – Const Japan http://const-japan.com/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 07:17:01 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://const-japan.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-05T131502.299-150x150.png Crime in japan – Const Japan http://const-japan.com/ 32 32 Ohio “incel” charged with hate crime for conspiring to shoot women https://const-japan.com/ohio-incel-charged-with-hate-crime-for-conspiring-to-shoot-women/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 03:31:18 +0000 https://const-japan.com/ohio-incel-charged-with-hate-crime-for-conspiring-to-shoot-women/ An Ohio man involved in a misogynistic online community known as “incels” was arrested Wednesday and charged with attempted hate crime over a conspiracy to mass shoot women. Driving the news: Tres Genco, 21, of Hillsboro, “allegedly plotted to commit a hate crime, including a plan to shoot sorority students at an Ohio university,” according […]]]>

An Ohio man involved in a misogynistic online community known as “incels” was arrested Wednesday and charged with attempted hate crime over a conspiracy to mass shoot women.

Driving the news: Tres Genco, 21, of Hillsboro, “allegedly plotted to commit a hate crime, including a plan to shoot sorority students at an Ohio university,” according to a Justice Department statement. He is also charged with illegal possession of a machine gun.

  • The DOJ said Genco actively participated in a website for “incels,” short for “involuntary bachelors,” from at least July 2019 to mid-March 2020, and identified himself as an incel.

The context: The Incels seek to commit acts of violence in support of their belief that women are unfairly denying them the sexual or romantic attention to which they think they are entitled.

To note : In an online article, Genco reportedly detailed spraying “certain foids and couples” with orange juice in a squirt gun “- using the incel shorthand for” femoids, “their term for women.

  • The DOJ alleges that Genco likened this “extremely uplifting action” to similar behavior by Excel Elliot Rodger, who killed six people and 14 others outside a sorority house in Isla Vista, Calif., In 2014.
  • “Before his mass attack, Rodger shot a group of students with orange juice from a water pistol,” the Department of Justice noted.

Enlarge: Genco reportedly wrote a manifesto in which he promised to “slaughter” women “out of hatred, jealousy and revenge” and also wrote that he was targeting “a number of murders of 3,000 people”, according to the statement.

  • Prosecutors allege that in 2019 Genco “purchased tactical gloves, a bulletproof vest, a hoodie with the word” revenge “on, cargo pants, a bowie knife, a face mask, two Glock 17 magazines, a 9mm Glock 17 clip and a concealed holster clip wear for a Glock. “
  • A police search of his home in March last year found a Glock-style 9mm semi-automatic pistol hidden in his house, with no mark or serial number, among other items, according to prosecutors.
  • He also completed basic army training at Fort Benning in Georgia from August 2019 to December 2019, according to the DOJ.

For memory : Genco is also charged with illegal possession of a machine gun.


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Bring the jury to the crime scene via a 3D helmet https://const-japan.com/bring-the-jury-to-the-crime-scene-via-a-3d-helmet/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 03:02:20 +0000 https://const-japan.com/bring-the-jury-to-the-crime-scene-via-a-3d-helmet/ As any juror will tell you, piecing together a crime from a series of documents presented in a courtroom is no easy task, especially when a person’s future is at stake. Producing the correct verdict on auto accident and murder cases depends on a good knowledge of the space, but unless you are at the […]]]>

As any juror will tell you, piecing together a crime from a series of documents presented in a courtroom is no easy task, especially when a person’s future is at stake.

Producing the correct verdict on auto accident and murder cases depends on a good knowledge of the space, but unless you are at the scene of the crime, the margin for error is large.

However, thanks to the advent of virtual reality (VR), jurors now have a better chance of making the right decision.

A new study published by the University of South Australia provides overwhelming evidence for the use of virtual reality in the courtroom, dropping jurors in the middle of a car crash or a murder scene.

A team of UniSA researchers, lawyers, police and forensic pathologists simulated a hit-and-run scene, reconstructing events with a laser scanner to compare verdicts between “jurors” using 3D helmets and those using 3D helmets. pressing photographs of the scene.

The result? Better recall, spatial accuracy and more consistent verdicts in the case of jurors (30 study participants) using interactive technology.

“Virtual reality has also taken a lot less effort than using photographs to reconstruct the sequence of events,” says Dr Andrew Cunningham, from UniSA’s Australian Research Center for Interactive and Virtual Environments.

Study participants who watched the scene with 3D headphones were 9.5 times more likely (86.67%) to choose the same verdict – Death by Dangerous Driving – than the group who relied on the photographs, who was split 47/53% between reckless driving verdict and reckless driving verdict.

“Participants who were immersed in the scene were more likely to correctly remember the location of the car in relation to the victim at the time of the accident, when it was difficult for people to view the scene from still images.

“This provides unequivocal evidence that interactive technology leads to fairer and more consistent verdicts, and could indeed be the future of courtrooms,” said Dr Cunningham.

Lead researcher Dr Carolin Reichherzer says site visits are still the gold standard for providing juries with a realistic feel of a scene, but they also have their drawbacks.

“They are expensive – especially in remote locations – and in some cases the site itself has changed, making precise visualizations impossible,” says Dr Reichherzer.

Virtual reality takes priority in the courtroom internationally, with the most famous example in 2019 when the Bavarian State Criminal Bureau created an interactive scene of the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp for assist the prosecution in a war crimes trial.

A video completing this press release is available at https://youtu.be/zQl77dzfm3A

Notes for Editors

“Bringing the Jury to the Crime Scene: Memory and Decision Making in a Mock Crime Scene” was ranked among the top 5% of the most important papers presented at CHI 2021: Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems , held in Japan in May. The conference is considered the most prestigious in the field of human-machine interaction.


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Vietnamese intern in Japan convicted of abandoning dead bodies of stillborn twins https://const-japan.com/vietnamese-intern-in-japan-convicted-of-abandoning-dead-bodies-of-stillborn-twins/ Wed, 21 Jul 2021 09:06:28 +0000 https://const-japan.com/vietnamese-intern-in-japan-convicted-of-abandoning-dead-bodies-of-stillborn-twins/ Hiroki Ishiguro, left, the chief defense attorney for a Vietnamese woman accused of abandoning the corpses of her twins, is seen at a press conference following the court’s ruling on her case, in Chuo Ward town of Kumamoto on July 20, 2021 (Mainichi / Yuki Kurisu) KUMAMOTO – 22-year-old Vietnamese technical trainee accused of abandoning […]]]>

Hiroki Ishiguro, left, the chief defense attorney for a Vietnamese woman accused of abandoning the corpses of her twins, is seen at a press conference following the court’s ruling on her case, in Chuo Ward town of Kumamoto on July 20, 2021 (Mainichi / Yuki Kurisu)

KUMAMOTO – 22-year-old Vietnamese technical trainee accused of abandoning the bodies of twins in November 2020 shortly after delivering them to a town in southwestern Japan was sentenced to eight months in prison, suspended for three years , July 20.

According to the decision, around November 15, 2020, Le Thi Thuy Linh, 22, had a stillborn child at her home in Ashikita town, Kumamoto prefecture, and placed the corpses of her twins in a box. cardboard that she left in her. bedroom.

Although the defendant, currently out on bail, pleaded innocent, Judge Takao Sugihara admitted the body abandonment charges brought against her during the July 20 hearing. The defendant is called upon to appeal the decision.

At the hearing, prosecutors said the woman “had left the corpses to hide her pregnancy and childbirth.” The accused and his legal team claimed that the woman had “kept them with the intention of having them buried without cremation, which is a common practice in Vietnam, after her physical recovery.” Whether the defendant’s actions fell within the scope of “abandonment” or “safeguard” was contested at trial.

Judge Sugihara said that an act is considered a crime of corpse abandonment in cases where the corpse is hidden or abandoned in a way that “offends the general religious feelings of the public”. The judge said the defendant’s action was “preparing for a personal burial while hiding stillbirths from those around him, and it is clear that this offends general religious feelings.”

The judge also referred to factors, including the fact that the defendant was of an age to make reasonable judgments and her experience living in Japan for more than two years, and determined that she had deliberately abandoned the bodies.

Regarding the length of her imprisonment, the judge explained that the defendant, who sent a large part of her earnings to her family in Vietnam, was placed in a situation where she would have been forced to return to her country of origin if the pregnancy had been unable to work and pay rent and living expenses.

He also said: “There was no system to fully support her and she was placed in a difficult environment. The accused feared being sent home and was distraught, unable to confess her pregnancy to those around her. and delivered babies. There is a lot of room to sympathize with the context in which the crime took place. ”

Following the ruling, the defendant posted a comment: “It is extremely disappointing that my declaration of innocence has not been recognized. I did not eliminate or hide the bodies of my children. I cannot accept the decision.

(Japanese original by Yuki Kurisu and Sonoko Nakamura, Kumamoto Bureau)


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Wan-Wan Patrol helps Karasuyama Japan feel safe https://const-japan.com/wan-wan-patrol-helps-karasuyama-japan-feel-safe/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 19:07:58 +0000 https://const-japan.com/wan-wan-patrol-helps-karasuyama-japan-feel-safe/ As America grapples with the idea of ​​funding the police and citizens struggle to find alternative ways of thinking about crime and social justice, a Japanese neighborhood relies on little dogs to bring a community together. Tokyo’s Wan-Wan (which can be translated as “Bow Wow”) is a refreshing mainstay in the Karasuyama district of the […]]]>

As America grapples with the idea of ​​funding the police and citizens struggle to find alternative ways of thinking about crime and social justice, a Japanese neighborhood relies on little dogs to bring a community together.

Tokyo’s Wan-Wan (which can be translated as “Bow Wow”) is a refreshing mainstay in the Karasuyama district of the greater Tokyo area. It’s an old practice, according to France 24, where locals walk one of 150 brightly dressed puppies to patrol the streets and make others feel safe.

Small dogs are used to deter crime and help children get to and from school.

Yurika Igarashi is one of those children who spoke to Agence France Presse for France 24 about the Wan-Wan patrol.

“Sometimes I get scared when I come home alone,” said the young girl, who can’t wait to meet Sakura, a little poodle, on her walks. “But I feel good walking with the Wan-Wan Patrol.”

Tokyo has been hailed as one of the safest cities in the world, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2019 Safe Cities Index. But that doesn’t mean people shouldn’t take security measures.

Jun Ameie, principal of Kyuden Primary School, spoke to AFP about the initiative.

“Parents appreciate that there are many people in the neighborhood looking after them and making sure the environment is safe,” Ameie said. Especially these days when we hear a lot of reports of crimes involving children. “

Yurika Igarashi continued.

“Of course it’s fun to walk with the dogs,” she said. “But I also feel protected by them.”

Meanwhile, in the United States, police departments across the country are grappling with widespread budget cuts and racial disparities in police departments, largely as a result of the 2020 murder of George Floyd by the Minneapolis policeman Derek Chauvin.

Despite the tensions, similar efforts to introduce dogs to the community have been introduced to the United States on a much smaller scale, including the Franklin County Sheriff’s Office in Ohio, which was the first of the ‘State to offer such a program, according to their website.

In their statement, the dog program “offers yet another innovative tool of assistance and community engagement to communities in Franklin County.”

Another program called Dog Walker Watch was created with the National Night Out campaign to “help local law enforcement agencies have extra eyes and ears while walking their dogs.”

Community initiatives have mushroomed in the United States, not only in light of police tensions, but due to an increasing rate of hate-motivated attacks. A California initiative is Compassion in Oakland, which has volunteers escorting the elderly in response to growing anti-Asian attacks.

“We must all come together if we hope to make it a safer community for years to come,” Chief Jacob Azevedo told CNN. A few days after the start of her Instagram campaign, hundreds of volunteers offered to help the Asian community feel safe by accompanying them home.

“I didn’t intend to be some sort of vigilante,” Azevedo said. “I just wanted to give people some kind of support. “

The Wan-Wan Patrol is also not a formal law enforcement initiative.

“Each owner walks whenever they can and asks their dog to wear the same scarf,” patrol leader Keiko Shimizu told AFP. “We can help make the neighborhood less vulnerable to crime. “

Recently one of the puppies found an elderly person after they passed away.

“They [the dog] achieved by noticing a room light always on in the morning, ”Shimizu said. “We walk around the same times on the same route every day, so it’s easier for us to notice if there is something unusual. “

Principal Ameie continued.

“I’m sure the kids can play outside of school and anywhere in the neighborhood because they know there are lots of adults looking out for them.

The Wan-Wan Patrol is showing all signs of being a lasting staple of the community.

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Ugandan athlete who fled Olympic camp found in central Japan | Olympic Games News https://const-japan.com/ugandan-athlete-who-fled-olympic-camp-found-in-central-japan-olympic-games-news/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 15:22:49 +0000 https://const-japan.com/ugandan-athlete-who-fled-olympic-camp-found-in-central-japan-olympic-games-news/ The weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said. A Ugandan weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance from an Olympic training camp in Japan, leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said. Julius Ssekitoleko’s disappearance came at a time […]]]>

The weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said.

A Ugandan weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance from an Olympic training camp in Japan, leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said.

Julius Ssekitoleko’s disappearance came at a time of great public concern over the risks of COVID-19 as thousands of foreigners arrive for the Games.

“Today, the man was found in Mie Prefecture without injuries and without involvement in any crime,” an Osaka police official told AFP news agency on Tuesday, who wished to keep the ‘anonymity.

“He was carrying his own ID and identified himself. It’s unclear who to send the man to – the team or the embassy.

The alarm was raised on Friday after Ssekitoleko failed to show up for a coronavirus test and was not in his hotel room.

The 20-year-old had recently discovered he could not compete in the Tokyo Games, which open on Friday, due to a quota system.

A note was found in his room requesting that his belongings be sent to his family in Uganda, according to officials in Izumisano town in Osaka prefecture, where the team was training.

Police said Ssekitoleko traveled to Nagoya in central Japan and then to neighboring Gifu prefecture before moving south to Mie. He was found 170 km (105 miles) east of his host city.

“He was found in a house belonging to people with a connection to the man. He offered no resistance. He spoke frankly. We are still asking him about his motives, ”said the police chief.

When the Ugandan delegation arrived in Japan last month, one coach tested positive, and another member of the delegation also tested positive later, forcing seven city officials and drivers who had close contact with the team to isolate yourself.

Health officials said the two infected Ugandans had the Delta variant of the virus, which is believed to be more contagious.

Ugandan Foreign Minister Henry Oryem Okello told AFP Ugandan authorities have been informed that Ssekitoleko has been found and is being questioned.

“We are working with the Japanese government to get the facts surrounding the weightlifter’s disappearance and how he was accredited,” he said.

“As a government, we have already apologized to the government of Japan for the weightlifter’s disappearance,” he added. “It was unacceptable conduct and treason.”

Coronavirus cases are increasing in Tokyo, which is under a state of emergency, and the risks of infection from the Games are closely monitored in Japan.

There was a surge of infections in Tokyo, which reported 1,387 cases on Tuesday, 557 more than a week ago.

Athletes and other Olympic participants are subject to strict rules, including regular testing and limits on their movements.

The Ugandan team, which ended their isolation and trained from July 7, went to the Tokyo Olympic Village on Tuesday without Ssekitoleko.


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Japanese police find Ugandan weightlifter missing from Olympic camp | Tokyo Olympic Games News https://const-japan.com/japanese-police-find-ugandan-weightlifter-missing-from-olympic-camp-tokyo-olympic-games-news/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 12:07:00 +0000 https://const-japan.com/japanese-police-find-ugandan-weightlifter-missing-from-olympic-camp-tokyo-olympic-games-news/ TOKYO: A Ugandan weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance from an Olympic training camp in Japan leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said on Tuesday. Julius Ssekitoleko’s disappearance came at a time of great public concern over the risks of coronavirus as thousands of foreigners arrive for the Games. […]]]>
TOKYO: A Ugandan weightlifter was found four days after his disappearance from an Olympic training camp in Japan leaving a note saying he wanted to find work, police said on Tuesday.
Julius Ssekitoleko’s disappearance came at a time of great public concern over the risks of coronavirus as thousands of foreigners arrive for the Games.
“Today, the man was found in Mie Prefecture without injuries and without involvement in any crime,” an Osaka police official told AFP, who wished to remain anonymous.
“He was wearing his own ID and identified himself. It’s not sure who we should send the man to – the team or the embassy.”
The alarm was raised on Friday after Ssekitoleko failed to show up for a coronavirus test and was not in his hotel room.
The 20-year-old had recently discovered he could not compete in the Tokyo Games, which open on Friday, due to a quota system.
A note was found in his room requesting that his belongings be sent to his family in Uganda, according to officials in Izumisano town in Osaka prefecture, where the team was training.
Police said Ssekitoleko traveled to Nagoya in central Japan and then to neighboring Gifu prefecture before moving south to Mie.
“He was found in a house belonging to people with a connection to the man. He did not put up any resistance. He spoke candidly. We are still questioning him about his motives,” said the police official. .
When the Ugandan delegation arrived in Japan last month, a coach tested positive on arrival, and another member of the delegation also tested positive later.
Cases of the virus are increasing in Tokyo, which is under a state of emergency, and the risks of infection from the Games are closely monitored in Japan.
Athletes and other Olympic participants are subject to strict rules, including regular testing and limits on their movements.


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New Zealand in “Vulnerable Position” Amid China’s Hacking Charges https://const-japan.com/new-zealand-in-vulnerable-position-amid-chinas-hacking-charges/ Mon, 19 Jul 2021 21:14:08 +0000 https://const-japan.com/new-zealand-in-vulnerable-position-amid-chinas-hacking-charges/ New Zealand has put itself in a vulnerable position by joining with other Western allies and Japan in accusing China of state-sponsored cyber attacks, according to an intelligence analyst. China’s State Security Ministry (MSS) has been accused of broader espionage activity and a broader pattern of “reckless” behavior. Photo: 123rf New Zealand has joined with […]]]>

New Zealand has put itself in a vulnerable position by joining with other Western allies and Japan in accusing China of state-sponsored cyber attacks, according to an intelligence analyst.

China’s State Security Ministry (MSS) has been accused of broader espionage activity and a broader pattern of “reckless” behavior.
Photo: 123rf

New Zealand has joined with the US, UK, EU, Britain, Australia, Japan and Canada in publicly denouncing Beijing for piracy.

In overnight statements, they blamed China for the major cyberattack on Microsoft Exchange servers earlier this year, affecting at least 30,000 organizations around the world.

Western security services believe this marked the shift from a targeted espionage campaign to a smash-and-grab raid, raising concerns that Chinese cyber behavior is escalating.

China’s State Security Ministry (MSS) has also been accused of broader espionage activity and a broader pattern of “reckless” behavior. China has previously denied the hacking allegations and says it opposes all forms of cybercrime.

The New Zealand government said it discovered evidence of links between Chinese state-sponsored actors known as Advanced Persistent Threat 40 (APT40) and malicious cyber activity in New Zealand.

“The GCSB has gone through a strong technical award process in relation to this activity,” said Minister responsible for the Government’s Communications Security Office Andrew Little.

“New Zealand today joins other countries in strongly condemning this malicious activity undertaken by the Chinese Ministry of State Security (MSS) – both in New Zealand and around the world.”

Intelligence analyst Paul Buchanan said intelligence reports had previously accused Chinese hackers of being involved in exploiting Microsoft’s vulnerability, but the confrontation escalated.

“Before that, Chinese state-sponsored hackers operating under the guise of the State Security Ministry were doing targeted espionage, targeted hacking – stealing things but not asking for ransom.

“They were looking for military targets, diplomatic targets, economic targets.

“Here it is what has been characterized as a ram raid attack, a crush and seize attack, where state-sponsored hackers shared the vulnerability of Microsoft Exchange with criminal organizations,” Buchanan said. at RNZ. Morning report.

“It’s a trend the Russians have exploited, where criminals and state agents overlap and one shares information with the other for their mutual benefit.

“This obviously escalated the confrontation between Western and Chinese signal intelligence agencies, and this overnight response is clear proof of that.”

No legend

Minister responsible for GCSB Andrew Little.
Photo: RNZ / Samuel Rillstone

“The targeted attack has become a mass stacking”

Western intelligence officials say aspects of the attack on Microsoft Exchange services are significantly more serious than anything they have seen before, said Gordon Corera, BBC Security correspondent. reports.

It started in January when hackers from a China-related group known as Hafnium began exploiting a vulnerability in Microsoft Exchange. They used the vulnerability to insert backdoors into systems they might return to later.

The UK said the attack was likely to allow large-scale espionage, including the acquisition of personal information and intellectual property.

It was mainly carried out against specific systems aligned with previous Hafnium goals, such as defense contractors, think tanks and universities.

“We believe cyber operators working under Chinese intelligence control discovered Microsoft’s vulnerability in early January and rushed to exploit the vulnerability before [it] has been widely identified in the public domain, ”a security source told the BBC.

If that had been all, it would have been just another spy operation. But at the end of February, something important changed. The targeted attack became a mass stack when other China-based groups began to exploit the vulnerability. The goals have been broadened to encompass key industries and governments around the world.

He had gone from targeted espionage to a massive smash-and-grab raid.

Western security sources believe Hafnium gained prior knowledge that Microsoft intended to fix or close the vulnerability, and therefore shared it with other China-based groups to maximize benefits before it hit. becomes obsolete.

It was the recklessness of the decision to spread the vulnerability that contributed to the decision to call out the Chinese publicly, officials said.

Microsoft made the vulnerability public on March 2 and offered a patch to close it. By this point, more and more hackers around the world had realized its value and piled up.

About a quarter of a million systems around the world remained exposed – often small to medium-sized businesses and organizations – and at least 30,000 were compromised.

New Zealand in a “vulnerable position”

Buchanan said New Zealand has put itself in a vulnerable position by joining the international condemnation.

“Apparently New Zealand and its partners quietly approached the Chinese and asked them to step back and change their behavior. They did the quiet diplomacy New Zealand is so famous for, and it didn’t work. Apparently the attacks persist.

“All the partners involved in this public announcement, NATO, the EU, Japan, the other partners of Five Eyes, are less vulnerable than New Zealand to particularly Chinese economic reprisals.

“New Zealand has craned its neck here, but I think at some point state actions in this area become intolerable. Obviously, the limits of tolerance have been reached, even for a small, vulnerable state. like New Zealand. “

US blames Chinese nationals

The United States has officially attributed intrusions such as the one that affected servers running Microsoft Exchange earlier this year to hackers affiliated with China’s State Security Ministry. Microsoft had already blamed China.

US officials said they were surprised at the extent and scale of the hacking attributed to China, as well as China’s use of “criminal hackers.”

The US Department of Justice has charged four Chinese nationals – three security officials and a hacker – with targeting dozens of businesses, universities and government agencies in the United States and abroad.

While a wave of statements from Western powers represents a broad alliance, cyber experts have said the lack of consequences for China beyond the US indictment is glaring. Just a month ago, statements at the G7 and NATO summits warned China and declared it a threat to international order.

Adam Segal, cybersecurity expert at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, told Reuters the announcement was a “successful effort to get friends and allies to attribute the action to Beijing, but not very useful without any follow-up concrete”.

– RNZ / BBC / Reuters


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What the UK Knows About Violent Crime The US Cannot Understand https://const-japan.com/what-the-uk-knows-about-violent-crime-the-us-cannot-understand/ Sat, 17 Jul 2021 18:00:00 +0000 https://const-japan.com/what-the-uk-knows-about-violent-crime-the-us-cannot-understand/ Is it possible that Republicans are unaware of the intrinsic connection between reducing child poverty and reducing crime, despite a wealth of evidence from around the world? This week, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) began rolling out President Biden’s new child tax credit as part of his $ 1.9 trillion US bailout. The expanded benefits […]]]>

Is it possible that Republicans are unaware of the intrinsic connection between reducing child poverty and reducing crime, despite a wealth of evidence from around the world? This week, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) began rolling out President Biden’s new child tax credit as part of his $ 1.9 trillion US bailout. The expanded benefits aim to lift half of the country’s smallest citizens out of poverty. As a British forensic psychiatrist and psychotherapist, this caught my attention. Although an outsider looking in, I was surprised that the legislation passed without a single Republican vote in support, especially in light of their “hard” stance on crime.

Poverty is a form of ‘adverse childhood experience’ (ACE) that affects future outcomes in life. The idea is not new: American researchers first stressed the importance of ACEs in a large study in the 1990s. Their construction has since been universally adopted and supported by the world community; WHO has even developed a ‘ACE International Questionnaire‘to guide investments and social interventions. It is easy to understand that poverty can cause problems such as malnutrition and chronic disease. But physical deprivation is only half the story. Having socially and materially disadvantaged parents can also be a form of ACE, just like the conditions of your community. Your ACE “score” is based on one point for each type of negative influence: including obviousness, such as direct abuse and material neglect. Along with parental mental illness and parental substance abuse, parental incarceration is another ACE of particular concern in the United States, given the high incarceration rate. 45% of the American population have had a family member incarcerated, which among minorities amounts to reach 63% in the black community.

For the past 30 years I have worked in the UK’s National Health Service which includes the provision of mental health care to offenders in our prisons and secure mental hospitals. I provide expert testimony on the roots of violence in criminal and family courts and have studied the research evidence on the link between poverty, social inequalities, mental health issues and different types of crime. I have seen with my own eyes in our prison population that the majority of convicted offenders come from disadvantaged backgrounds, including a disproportionate number of economically disadvantaged minorities.

The same is true in the United States, although at a on a larger scale. Recent data from the CDC and others shows how a child exposed to 4 or more types of ACE is at increased risk for criminal violence. A study of 20,000 offenders in a Florida prison found that the higher the ACE score, the more likely offenders were to commit repeated violence from a young age. The authors called this “downstream wreckage,” demonstrating how a person’s chances of becoming a serious, chronic, and violent offender increased with each additional ACE point. Half of all the prisoners they studied had been exposed to four or more ACEs. Their report ends with this warning: “The prevention of ACE in future generations is critical and a key factor in preventing crime.

In my work, I have found that ACEs regularly interact with other known risk factors for violence to make cruel states of mind more likely. We are all capable of cruelty to others, just as we all have the capacity of compassion; luckily most of us never get to the point where we act on our darkest emotions. In order for someone to reach that tipping point, several elements have to combine, which I compare to how the numbers line up in a combination lock. When it comes to serious violence, the first two variables tend to be actuarial, such as being young and male. The next two include familiar ACEs, such as substance abuse and parental neglect. But the final number that makes the lock pop, unleashing sometimes deadly violence, is idiosyncratic. I found it to be an individual experience of an intense and painful feeling with deep roots in someone’s early childhood, very often linked to early childhood trauma and unresolved feelings of horror. and shame. Shame, defined by Carl Jung as a “soul-consuming emotion”, is central to the experience of poverty because of the impact on social status and the sense of social exclusion that accompanies it.

Some will protest that a simplistic correlation between poverty and violence is unfair to the majority of people who, although poor, are honest and pro-social; I totally agree. The early ACE researchers were also aware of this, citing a range of positive influences that could counteract a person’s negative experiences during their childhood, including having caregivers, the access to a good education and social programs that support their families. The victims tend to be people who lack care and access. It is also important to understand that identifying risks through CEAs is not the same as prediction; there will be people who have been exposed to multiple ACEs who will not become criminally violent. They may be more resilient in ways we don’t fully understand, or they may just be lucky. But overall, the association between high exposure to childhood adversity and subsequent criminal violence cannot be ignored.

I understand that economic conservatives will always oppose increased government spending and are unlikely to be interested in the observations of a British doctor from a ‘socialist’ healthcare system. Rather than debating ideologies, I would highlight the data, as the proportionately much lower violent crime rate in the UK compared to the US, including homicide. I suggest that the introduction by the British government in 1977 of a similar and permanent family allowance measure to that of Bidens had some impact on rates of violence (as well as other factors, including our very different laws on the possession of firearms). I also recognize that the UK has its own serious problems of incarceration and socio-economic inequality, both of which have increased sharply in recent decades. The UK is also not the biggest social spender in terms of percentage of GDP; in 2019, the World Economic Forum report ranked the UK 8th, well below countries like Belgium, Spain and Japan, and closer to the US, ranked 10th. There is much more to do.


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The Biden administration’s upcoming legislative proposals call for an even greater investment in social programs, including making their child tax credit permanent. I wonder if the resistance to this from the right can be challenged using the crime reduction argument, which has been such a vaunted plank of Republican politics. Such a tactic could be particularly effective at a time when the right-wing redoubles its efforts to portray Democrats as “crime-lenient” and deliberately distorts some constructive ideas about law enforcement reform in the wake of George’s murder. Floyd. How can they condemn “police definancing” while rejecting funds for an ongoing social program that could be so transformative in the fight against crime? There is also a useful analogy with the Covid pandemic. Right now, governments around the world are rushing to vaccinate their citizens against this deadly virus that has changed all of our lives. I think the Biden administration’s rollout of the Child Tax Benefit today can be seen as comparable and just as urgent: a sort of “vaccination” against the rise in violent crime now and in the next generation.

Suppose this enhanced “social security for children” becomes permanent. Americans could see a profound impact on ACEs in the short and long term, as greater economic security plays its role in reducing anxiety, abuse, and criminal behavior among parents. Their increased well-being contributes to a more secure future for their children and for society as a whole. The fractured global response to the pandemic has demonstrated our fragility when we are divided in the face of a threat that knows no party. We shouldn’t have to wonder if we can convince each other that the safety and well-being of a society depends on the protection and nutrition of children as they grow older. The real question may be whether we in the US, UK or the wider world community can afford not to act.


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Time for ourselves is both a curse and a blessing https://const-japan.com/time-for-ourselves-is-both-a-curse-and-a-blessing/ Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:55:15 +0000 https://const-japan.com/time-for-ourselves-is-both-a-curse-and-a-blessing/ Last month, Aera magazine told this story: A 39-year-old woman working in her Tokyo apartment was interrupted by a hum from the intercom. The appellant was furious. “Would you kindly stop pacing like this all day?” Noise, noise, noise! It drives me crazy!” The woman was surprised. Through the peephole, she recognized the man living […]]]>

Last month, Aera magazine told this story: A 39-year-old woman working in her Tokyo apartment was interrupted by a hum from the intercom. The appellant was furious. “Would you kindly stop pacing like this all day?” Noise, noise, noise! It drives me crazy!”

The woman was surprised. Through the peephole, she recognized the man living just below her. She hadn’t paced, she said, she was working on her computer. “Don’t give me that!” barked the man.

Frightened, the woman hung up and called the building superintendent – who discovered that the noise the man had heard couldn’t be coming from her. Maybe he came from another residence. Soundproof tape has been applied to the affected vents. But the woman’s peace was broken. She barely knows the man. Is he sane? We never know. “If I was found dead, he was the one who did it,” she told friends, half-joking.

The mansions of the towers have an atmosphere of their own. The name itself suggests it. It is a Japanese currency, meaning a condominium and commonly abbreviated as “tawaman. “Spa magazine is offering its own variation on the Tawaman blues this month.

It presents among others the celebrity-entrepreneur Yuta Misaki, “prince of green juice” of 31 years – aojiru, a juice made from green vegetables, bitter in taste but apparently healthy enough to make it palatable to enthusiasts. Misaki, who started her own marketing company in 2007 at the age of 18 and soon made 13 billion yen a year, had a better idea. It would sweeten the drink and expand its appeal. Hence his nickname.

Rise high, fall strong, as the saying goes. Misaki’s conflict with the tax authorities sharply criticized him on social media. Fans and admirers are the toughest judges when the going gets tough. Celebrity Abandoned, is there anything more lonely than this?

There is, says Misaki to Spa. “I have never felt more alone,” he says, “than when, at the height of my success, I moved into a mansion tower.”

It is in the heart of Tokyo. He looks out his window at night and the whole vast city winks at him. “Take me, I am yours,” he seems to be saying. The rent is 1 million yen per month. The interior designers he put to work on his dream nest billed him 30 million yen. He gets his money’s worth. He had it all. Why, then, the sudden rise in despair? Inexplicable but inescapable. Human nature is strange. There is no accounting for this. Having everything you want can seem as empty as having nothing you want.

Tower mansions only incidentally feature in the coverage of Spa and Aera. The larger theme of the two is how the house can turn into a sort of prison, with the coronavirus standing guard. But the syndrome is earlier. The four walls are shrinking. The inmates are restless, irritable, sometimes explosive. Aera records incidents of neighbors, once strangers, now getting to know each other unpleasantly via extraneous noises, smells of tobacco and cooking, garbage – and so on. It takes so little to get our throats down. No wonder there are wars in the world.

The theme of the spa is solitude. It’s ubiquitous. A salesperson working from home because of the virus feels it intensely. Faces on-screen are not off-screen faces, not alive in the same way. The virus will end, he will return to his normal tours – sadder, however, and wiser, because now he realizes how few friends he has in the world outside of work. It is a discovery imposed on many.

A career woman newly back to work after maternity and childcare leave struggles with a different loneliness. Reassigned to another department, she is a fish out of water, her old skills useless, the new ones not yet mastered. It would help to have someone to talk to about it. Her husband? “He has his life, I have mine. Independence comes at a price. She pays him.

A 19-year-old Spa girl talks about life with her father. The virus that keeps them together at home has them in “cold war” terms. Silently, they look at each other. She needs money for college. “Go out and win it,” he growls. Dragging the net, she discovered papa-katsu – provide paid companionship for older men. She goes through the movements, feeling more alone than ever.

In January 2019, the BBC introduced a 69-year-old retiree named Toshio Takata: “Small, slim and with a tendency to laugh, Toshio looks nothing like a regular criminal, let alone someone who would threaten women with knives. The title of the article puts it in context: “Why some Japanese retirees want to go to jail.” They are poor, they are alone. They are fueling an increase in crime among the elderly. Takata pointed a knife at women in a park, thinking they would call the police. They did it. The police came, the law took its course. It relieved Takata of the burden of freedom.

Many older people in Japan hold the same opinion, the BBC found. Poverty is a struggle, loneliness a black hole. Takata’s first offense, at 62, was theft of a bicycle. He drove the stolen bicycle to a police station and surrendered. He served a one-year sentence and was released. The knife symbolizes impatience with short sentences. The longer, the better. “Get me out of here,” he seems to be saying – “here” being the outside world.

On a soccer field in Chiba in May, as Myanmar’s national anthem played, Myanmar goalkeeper Pyae Lyan Aung raised three fingers – a startling gesture, a symbolic revolt. Was it premeditated? Impulsive? Either way, there is no going back now. Fearing that he would be arrested if he returned, he applied for asylum and was granted a six-month visa. With freedom crushed in his homeland and threatened across much of the world, he staked everything he had on freedom – and Japan. Its implicit message in Japan is: be worthy.

Big in Japan is a weekly column that focuses on issues debated by national media organizations. Michael Hoffman’s latest book is “Cipangu, Golden Cipangu: Essays in Japanese History”.

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News Browser: What is the Defense of Japan White Paper? https://const-japan.com/news-browser-what-is-the-defense-of-japan-white-paper/ Wed, 14 Jul 2021 22:01:00 +0000 https://const-japan.com/news-browser-what-is-the-defense-of-japan-white-paper/ The cover of the 2021 edition of the “Defense of Japan” white paper is presented with a brush drawing intended to appeal to young readers as well. (Image courtesy of the Ministry of Defense) The Mainichi Shimbun answers some common questions readers may have about the Defense Ministry’s “Defense of Japan” white paper. Question: I […]]]>

The cover of the 2021 edition of the “Defense of Japan” white paper is presented with a brush drawing intended to appeal to young readers as well. (Image courtesy of the Ministry of Defense)

The Mainichi Shimbun answers some common questions readers may have about the Defense Ministry’s “Defense of Japan” white paper.

Question: I heard that the “Defense of Japan” white paper has been drafted. What is that?

Answer: This is the Defense Ministry report explaining the current state of defense of Japan, military situations in countries around the world, political issues, etc. The first edition was published in 1970 under the direction of the then head of the Defense Agency and later Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, who did so by stating: “Public understanding is essential for defense. . The white paper has been published annually since 1976.

Q: It covers a wide range of topics; how long has it been?

A: The 2021 A4 size edition is just over 500 pages while the first edition is around 100 pages long. The volume of the white paper has grown due to an expansion in security-related fields – such as space and cybersecurity – in addition to China’s rise to military power and Korea’s nuclear and missile development. North.

Q: Why is the defense white paper getting so much attention?

A: It reveals how the Japanese government views the military situation in other countries. The 2019 edition was widely publicized for the inclusion of the government’s first recognition that North Korea had achieved production of miniaturized nuclear devices. Yet the content of the white paper is difficult for the general public to understand. Since the 2020 edition, the ministry has been trying to make the white paper easier to understand, including adding additional QR codes that link to Self-Defense Forces exercise videos.

Q: There are other white papers out there, right?

A: The Japanese government alone publishes more than 40 of them, including the Cabinet Office White Paper on Economy and Public Finance, the Justice Ministry White Paper on Crime, and the Ministry of Justice White Paper. ‘Economy, Trade and Industry on manufacturing. Sector reports began to be referred to as White Papers after World War II, in reference to the British government’s white cover reports submitted to Parliament, referred to as “White Papers”.

Q: Isn’t the Foreign Ministry report called the “Diplomatic Bluebook” and not the White Paper?

A: Although this is one of the documents in the White Paper, it is referred to as the Blue Book as an exception. He apparently imitated the report of the British Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee, which has a blue cover. Japan’s Diplomatic Bluebook has been published with a blue cover almost every year.

(Japanese original by Yusuke Kaite, Department of Political News)


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